Did you forget to give the source file directory?
cmake -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=RELEASE -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=./ ./NB this installs on top of the current working directory
nvcc fatal : Unsupported gpu architecture 'compute_11' CMake Error at cuda_compile_generated_gpu_mat.cu.o.cmake:208 (message): Error generating /tmp/xxx/opencv-superpixel_SEEDS/modules/core/CMakeFiles/cuda_compile.dir/src/cuda/./cuda_compile_generated_gpu_mat.cu.oNuffa says CUDA 7 no longer supports compute levels 1, 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3, i.e. if have CUDA 7 or later you need GPU with compute level 2.0 or later.
Problem is compute levels are hard coded. So include version which do not work. Also the list does not include anything more recent than nVidia compute capability 3.5, eg GeForce GTX 745 is missing.
Use CUDA 6 (not sure if 6.5 is ok).