Medal Information Sheet 1914 Star

1914 Star (5th August - 22nd November 1914)
Face A four pointed star, the top point replaced by a crown. Across the face of the star are two crossed swords, the points and handles of which form what might appear to be four additional points. Partly covering the swords are a wreath and, within it, three scrolls. The centre scroll bears the date 1914, the upper and lower scrolls bear respectively `AUG.' and `NOV.'. Over the base of the wreath is the cipher `GV'.
Reverse Flat and plain, except for the number, rank, name and regiment of the recipient impressed upon it.
Size Approx. 44 mm wide and 62 mm long including the ring suspension.
Composition Medal and bar of bronze. Emblem of silver.
Ribbon Approx. 32mm wide. From left to right as seen on the wearer the colours are red, white and blue shaded and watered.
Suspension The ribbon passes through a ring, approx. 13mm in diameter which is integral with the piece - the whole being stamped out solid.
Naming The number, rank, name and regiment of the recipient are stamped on the reverse in block capitals in three lines. The style of lettering varies somewhat from medal to medal.
Bars One bar bearing the dates "5th Aug.: 22nd Nov. 1914"; one emblem, a rosette, to be worn in place of the bar on the ribbon on the tunic when medals are not worn.
Awarded The medal was authorised in 1917 for award to all who served on the strength of a unit or service in France or Belgium between 5th August and 22nd November 1914. This was principally an army award, although a few Navy personnel qualified, having served ashore at Antwerp during the qualifying period. A few women also received the award having served in France and Belgium as nurses or auxiliaries during the qualifying period. The award of the bar and emblem was authorised in October 1919 to all who had been under fire in France or Belgium between the above dates. The award of the medal was automatic, but in order to gain the bar and emblem a claim had to be submitted and substantiated. Since this could only be done well after the war ended, some who had the necessary qualifying service made no claim and received no bar or emblem. This applies particularly to those who qualified but died later in the war, as many next-of-kin made no claim. Around 378,000 Stars were issued.

1995 King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, Lancaster. Registered Charity No. 272109.
Researched and written by Norman Rowlinson. Published by the Museum. Tel: 01524 64637.