Our aim is to understand and exploit fundamental computation within biology.

Our focus is complex systems, including evolutionary, developmental, swarming and other biologically-inspired computation.

The applications of the research include design, robot control, architecture, fraud detection, materials science, art, economics, music composition, recommender systems, and models for biologists.

To find out more, you might like to read some of these.

To come to seminars from us and people like us, join our reading group  






Dr Peter Bentley, Navneet Bhalla, Arturo Araujo, Yiqi Deng (Smile), Christos Sakellariou, Soo Ling Lim, Hooman Shayani.






Dr Uwe Aickelin, Dr Buzz Baum, Malcolm Galloway, Prof Christian Jacob, Dr. Beau Lotto, Dr. Julian Miller, Dr. Mark Miodownik, Gordana Novakovic, Prof John Shawe-Taylor, Prof. Susan Stepney, Dr. Jon Timmis, Prof. Andy Tyrrell, Prof. Lewis Wolpert

EPSRC, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), European Office for Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD), USAF, BAE Systems, Sandia National Laboratories, The UK Arts Council, Glassworks Ltd.






Developing Systemic Computation – a novel model and architecture of computation based on biological principles. Also developing the hardware implementation of a systemic computer in FPGAs. Peter Bentley, Christos Sakellariou



Evolutionary developmental spiking neural networks implemented in hardware. Hooman Shayani, Peter Bentley, Andy Tyrrell.



Evolved and 3d-printed physical self-assembling structures. Navneet Bhalla, Peter Bentley, Christian Jacob, Marco Dorigo.



Investigation of the role of aneuploidy on tumour development using agent based modelling. Arturo Araujo, Peter Bentley, Buzz Baum



Simulating derivative trading using CGP and agent based modelling. Laleh Zangeneh, Peter Bentley.



Modelling app store ecosystems using agent based simulations. Soo Ling Lim, Peter Bentley.



Fugue (previously Algorithmica) - an immersive virtual reality visualisation and artwork of an artificial immune system. Gordana Novakovic, Peter Bentley, Rainer Linz and Tony Ruto.







David Basanta, Ramona Behravan, Tim Gordon, Siavash Haroun Mahdavi, Jungwon Kim, Sanjeev Kumar, Supiya Ujjin, Udi Schlessinger. Tom Deithe, Boonserm Kaewkamnerdpong (Nina), Daniel Hulme, Erwan Le Martelot, David Malkin,






Developing Systemic Computation – a novel model and architecture of computation based on biological principles. Developing a visualization of biological processes implemented in SC. Peter Bentley, Erwan Le Martelot, Beau Lotto. Developing a GPU implementation of SC. Marjan Rouhipour, Hooman Shayani.



Development of novel machine learning techniques to the analysis of music and brain imaging data on music cognition. Tom Diethe, John Shawe-Taylor, and many others…

Simulating nanorobot control using swarm intelligence. Boonserm Kaewkamnerdpong, Peter Bentley.

Investigating effects of hyperdimensional bypass on evolvability of hierarchical complex systems. David Malkin, Beau Lotto, Peter Bentley.

3 year EPSRC Adventure Fund project on the Danger Theory in Immune Systems. UCL staff: Dr Jungwon Kim and Dr Peter J. Bentley. Click here for more details.

Evolving Hierarchical Visually Guided Neural Network Agents to Investigate Complex Interactions. Udi Schlessinger, Peter Bentley, Beau Lotto.

MOBIUS: Modelling Biology Using Smart materials. A 3-year project funded by EOARD.

Microstructure extrapolation with evolutionary algorithms (by David Basanta and with Mark Miodownik).

Biological modeling for post production (by Ramona Behravan).

Use of evolution and development for electronic circuit design (by Tim Gordon).

Shape-shifter robotics (by Siavash Mahdavi and with Mark Miodownik).

Computational Development - an investigation of evolving developmental processes (by Sanjeev Kumar and the support of Lewis Wolpert).

Use of evolution and swarming algorithms for a Lifestyle Recommender System (by Supiya Ujjin).

Neuropathology fractal dimensions - an automatic analysis of brain biopsy images by Malcolm Galloway with Muhammad Siddiq Hassan, Jungwon Kim, Eric Longequel.







Emergent Matter Using Biology and Evolutionary Modelling


Book edited by Sanjeev Kumar and Peter J. Bentley, On Growth, Form and Computers, Academic Press.


Pop Science book Digital Biology by Peter J. Bentley


International Conferences and Research on Artificial Immune Systems.