This is chapter 2 of the textbook Understanding Vision: theory, models, and data Oxford University Press, 2014.
Abstract: This chapter can be seen as a very brief introduction of the known facts about neural substrates in vision (from neurons to neural circuits) and some related visual perceptual behavior. The coverage is more heavily on the retina and the primary visual cortex (V1), for which there are the most data, and less on the extrastriate cortices, the neural circuits for eye movements and related behavior, and the effects of visual attention on neural activities. Simple models are used to describe or summarize these experimental findings.
Keywords: retina, primary visual cortex (V1), extrastriate cortex, visual attention, eye movements
Its figures in a pptx file