Timothy Hackworth

Senior Research Fellow, Intelligent Systems Group


Contact:  Email t.hackworth@cs.ucl.ac.uk

Tel  +44 (0) 1753  865474

Fax  +44 (0) 1753  865474


Areas of interest


Educational and professional background

Tim Hackworth was a soldier for many years, holding a regular commission in the Royal Corps of Signals.  He served tours, amongst others, in Aden, Canada, Germany and MOD London, and as an analyst in the Design Mathematics Section of the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment, Aldermaston. In due course, he commanded a Signal Regiment and was later head of the MOD  branch concerned with the design of new army signal equipment. For his last two appointments he was seconded to the Foreign Office to be the Defence Attaché at the Embassies in Jordan and, later, South Korea.  This gave him experience of both open and latent conflicts. While in Seoul, Tim (by then a Brigadier) was the Commonwealth member of the United Nations Military Armistice Commission and faced the North Korean and the Chinese representatives in meetings at Panmunjom in the De-militarised Zone eight times. On leaving the Army, Tim joined  the British Computer Society as its Technical and Services Director.  After a second retirement he became mentor and counsellor for mature candidates wishing to achieve chartered professional status  in the Society.   In 1998 he became bored with retirement, and put himself back to (Birkbeck) College to attempt a doctorate in computer science, which he achieved in 2004. His thesis was entitled “A Genetic Algorithm approach to Arms Races”.    He was appointed OBE in 1976


Current research and consultancy projects

Forecasting the timing of terrorist incidents.  The project  tries to marry together information about individuals who are (or could be motivated to become) terrorists, with situations which experience tells us are “ripe for revolt”.  Among the techniques being used are genetic algorithms, Epstein’s technique for growing artificial (agent-filled) societies, a specialised form of  Richardson’s arms race theory adapted to cater for terrorism.  Peng’s analysis of canard explosions  and Farley’s use of lattice theory.  Essentially we are trying to use data about individuals to forecast how social groups consisting of those individuals react, i.e. arguing from the particular to the general



Hackworth, TW  1973  The Relevance of Mathematical Logic to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.   National Defence College,  Latimer, UK

Hackworth, TW  1999 (a)   Genetic algorithms : some effects of redundancy in chromosomes.    Proceedings of the 1999 Genetic and Evolutionary Computing Conference, Orlando, FLA,   pp 99-106 

Hackworth,  TW   1999 (b)  India and Pakistan, a classic “Richardson” arms race:  a genetic algorithm approach.  Proceedings of the 1999 Genetic and Evolutionary Computing Conference, Orlando, FLA, pp 1543-1550 

Hackworth, TW  2001   Combining Richardson’s equations with canard explosion theory in a genetic algorithm to predict instabilities in the India / Pakistan arms race.   International Journal of Computer Mathematics,   volume 77,  pp 1-24

Hackworth, TW  2003  Applying genetic algorithms to Richardson’s arms race equations to determine the stability of nuclear deterrence.  Proceedings of the 2003 Genetic and Evol-utionary Computation Conference, Chicago, IL , 3,  pp 135-141

Hackworth, TW and Loizou, G  2006  “A GA-based tool to Predict Conflict between Nations”  Annals of Mathematics, Computing and Teleinformatics, Takis Hartonis, Editor, volume 6 no3 2007, pp 1-30

Hackworth, TW and Treleaven, P ” Modelling Conflict”   2006  Proceedings of the European Modelling Symposium   2006  pp 2-8, UCL London.

Hackworth TW and Treleaven, P, “Modelling Civil Wars”  unpublished paper, dated June 2006.

Hackworth TW and Treleaven, P, “Modelling Terrorism”   IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control,  Brunel University, 15 to 17 April 2007, pp 59.